Gynecologic Cancers

Gynecologic Cancers



imgres-4In America, it has been reported that every six minutes a woman is diagnosed with gynecologic cancer. It is estimated that there will be 91,730 new cases diagnosed in the United States this year alone – sadly resulting in a predicted 28,080 deaths. Some of these gynecologic cancers have been called “silent killers” because women are often unaware of the signs and symptoms associated with these cancers and do not catch them until it is too late.

It is important to know the warning signs for gynecological cancers.  They include any cancer that starts in a woman’s reproductive organs such as cervical, ovarian, uterine, vaginal, and vulvar. 




Typical Symptoms of Gynecological Cancers

Cervical Cancer Symptoms

  • irregular vaginal bleeding
  • vaginal discharge with an unpleasant odor
  • watery vaginal discharge
  • vaginal discharge tinged with blood
  • pelvic or back pain
  • pain during sex
  • problems urinating
  • problems defecating
  • swelling of the legs


Ovarian Cancer Symptoms

  • fatigue
  • leg swelling
  • shortness of breath
  • abdominal pain
  • constipation

Uterine Cancer Symptoms

  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding, spotting, or discharge
  • Pain or difficulty when emptying the bladder
  • Pain during sex
  • Pain in the pelvic area

Vaginal Cancer Symptoms

Vaginal caner often does not present with symptoms early, but as it progress these may present:

  • Unusual vaginal bleeding
  • Watery vaginal discharge
  • A lump or mass in your vagina
  • Painful urination
  • Constipation
  • Pelvic pain



Role of Radiation Therapy in Gynecological Cancers 

Each type of gynecological cancer has a variety of radiation therapy treatment options.